Other Names: Behçet’s syndrome; Behçet syndrome; BD
Behçet disease is a rare, chronic multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by ulcers affecting the mouth and genitals, various skin lesions, and abnormalities affecting the eyes. In some people, the disease also results in arthritis (swollen, painful, stiff joints), skin problems, and inflammation of the digestive tract, brain, and spinal cord. Although it can happen at any age, symptoms generally begin when individuals are in their 20s or 30s. The disease is common in Japan, Turkey and Israel, and less common in the United States. The exact cause of Behçet disease is still unknown. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Research is being conducted on the use of interferon-alpha and with agents which inhibit tumor necrosis factor (TNF) for the treatment of Behçet disease. Behçet disease is a lifelong disorder that comes and goes. Spontaneous remission over time is common for individuals with Behçet disease but permanent remission of symptoms has not been reported.