Ricardo Dolmetsch, PhD, President of Research and Development at uniQure, discusses positive data from the low-dose cohort of the ongoing phase 1/2 clinical trial of AMT-130, the first-ever AAV gene therapy for Huntington’s disease. 

Huntington disease is an inherited, neurodegenerative disorder that usually begins to be symptomatic starting at around 40 years of age. Persons with Huntington disease suffer from a progressive movement disorder, cognitive decline, psychiatric disturbances, and behavioral symptoms. All symptoms progress which eventually leads to immobility, dementia, and premature death.

As Dr. Dolmetsch explains, uniQure recently announced positive safety and biomarker data from 10 patients enrolled in the low-dose cohort of the ongoing phase 1/2 clinical trial of AMT-130, the first-ever AAV gene therapy for Huntington’s disease. Of the 10 patients enrolled in the low-dose cohort, 6 of them received AMT-130 while the remaining 4 received an imitation surgery.

The 12-month follow-up data found AMT-130 was generally well-tolerated in treated patients at the lower dose of 6×1012 vector genomes. No serious adverse events related to AMT-130 were reported in these patients. 2 serious adverse events unrelated to AMT-130 occurred: a deep-vein thrombosis in the elbow in one patient that resolved with anticoagulants and transient post-operative delirium in a second patient that was resolved through supportive care. No adverse drug reactions or serious unexpected adverse reactions were reported. sMRI did not reveal any clinically meaningful safety findings in treated patients at 1 year of follow-up.

As for biomarker data, the 12-month follow-up data found measurements of CSF NfL, a key biomarker of neuronal damage, increased as expected following the AMT-130 surgical procedure and approached baseline at 12 months. 2 of the 6 treated patients were at or below baseline at 12 months with another patient below baseline at 15 and 18 months. In the 6 treated patients, the increase in mean CSF NfL peaked 1 month after the surgical procedure. Thereafter, mean CSF NfL declined and at 12 months showed an 8% increase compared to baseline (range: 46% increase to 14% decrease). In the 4 control patients, mean CSF NfL remained stable or slightly declined over 12 months (range: 1% increase to 35% decrease). 

Additionally, in the 4 treated patients with evaluable data, mean levels of mHTT protein in the CSF, another biomarker, declined compared to baseline at all available timepoints. At 12 months after treatment, mean CSF mHTT decreased 53.8% compared to baseline (range: 44% decrease to 71% decrease). In the 3 control patients with evaluable data, mean CSF mHTT showed an increase compared to baseline at 1, 3, 6 and 9 months, and decreased by 16.8% compared to baseline at 12 months (range: 35% increase to 47% decrease).

To learn more about Huntington disease and other rare neurological disorders, visit checkrare.com/diseases/neurology